The new Army Physical Readiness Test (APRT) This PT Test is a NO-GO for now APR 2013
WASHINGTON (Army News Service, April 11, 2011)
So far, pilot testing for the new Army Physical Readiness Test has only been conducted at Fort Jackson, S.C.,
where the Army Physical Fitness School is located.
This week, however, the new Army Physical Readiness Test, or APRT, will be given to a pilot unit at Fort Leonard
Wood, Mo., and scheduled to take it with them was Maj. Gen. Richard Longo, deputy commanding general for
initial military training at the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command.
"A lot of people ask, 'hey, what's the standard, how many push-ups do I have to do?' We have no idea at this
stage," Longo explained. "We're going to be giving this test in pilot form to 10,000 Soldiers between now and
September -- all age groups, male and female, Active Component and Reserve Component, and Soldier-just-
entered-the-Army and Soldier-been-in-the-Army."
"We really need this data so we know what excellence looks like yet, what average looks like, and what not
meeting the standard looks like," Longo said.
The new test will still be given twice a year, according to current plans, and the new Army Combat Readiness Test
-- run in battle gear with weapon -- may be used primarily only as a pre-deployment measurement tool for
But one thing's for certain the new tests: Short duration does not necessarily equate to easy. Especially when
performing push-ups for the Army's new APRT.
"Because there is no rest period allowed, and the positioning of the hands is less -- the technical word is --
'loosey-goosey,' we're finding (the new test) to be harder. We are learning some lessons, none of which we could
even begin to call preliminary conclusions, yet," Longo said.
"There's a reason why we teach precision of movement," said Frank Palkoska, director of U.S. Army Physical
Fitness School at Fort Jackson, S.C.
"In the past, we didn't enforce much precision and exercise prescription as we do today. There's an important
aspect of that we teach the correct motor pattern in a controlled environment so that when Soldiers have to
execute that same motor pattern in an uncontrolled environment that we call combat, they have a proper motor
pattern to revert back to. This also helps us avoid injury, which has been a big problem for our Army in the past,"
To illustrate the difference, Sgt. 1st Class Amanda Kokkonen, Advanced Individual Training Platoon Sergeant of
the Year, told how she used to perform the PT test.
"During the two minutes of push-ups of the APFT (Army Physical Fitness Test) we currently do, I do between 60
to 70. Today, (at the Pentagon demo) I did about 29 push-ups in one minute. It sounds like a big difference but
for me, the biggest difference is the fact that I can't move my hands and use different muscle groups. Also, not
being able to take a break, or sag or bow my back definitely makes a big difference.
Under the new test, the Soldier must place their hands in an anatomically correct position. This exhibits the
maximum force by virtue of the hand placement, Palkoska said.
"We're testing their ability for one-minute's worth of muscular endurance and this becomes a true muscular
endurance assessment. In the old APFT, the two minutes of push-ups wasn't a true muscular endurance
assessment because we allowed you to rest," Pakoska said.
The new test is aligned with the new PT manual, which is TC 3-22.20 which replaced FM21-20.
"If you're still looking at the old doctrine, go online and download a copy of the new TC which aligns the physical
training with the warrior tasks and battle drills we ask of all of our Soldiers, regardless of MOS (Military
Occupational Specialty), in combat," Longo said.
The manual can be delivered through an app on any type of phone for free. Along with the text are video
demonstrations of each exercise.
In the coming weeks, U.S. Army Forces Command will identify those units where pilot testing will occur through
Implementation is a different story, said Longo. While the program may be implemented as early as October, he
says he may learn that more data is needed before making this decision.
"This is catching on because of two reasons: the first is that all of our privates who are going through initial entry
training, all of our second lieutenants who are going through the basic officer leadership course, all of our warrant
officers going through the warrant officer basic course are being exposed to this.
"Secondly, all of our leaders who go through the warrior leader course, the senior leader course, the advance
leader course, the captain's career course, the pre-command course, all of our leaders are being exposed to this
as well, so this new change in the way we're conducting PT will be the only standard they know," Longo said.
The following information comes from Appendix A, of the upcoming revision to TC 3-22.20, the APRT event
sequence is as follows:
- 60-yard progressive shuttle run
- standing long jump
- 1.5-mile run
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